Boiler Safety Frequently Asked Questions
- What are the key services and functions of the Boiler Safety program?
- When and for what purpose was the program created?
- Where are boilers used? How many boilers are in operation in Texas?
- How is this program administered?
- How does the Boiler Safety program work with federal and local agencies?
- How do I get my Certificate of Variance?
- How much are the certificate and inspection fees?
- My Texas Commission has expired. How do I get it back?
- If I was on active duty in the National Guard, do I have any additional time to complete continuing education and other requirements related to the renewal of my license?
- Who can obtain a Texas Commission?
- How long will it take for the Inspector to do a boiler inspection?
- How do I find information about specific boilers?
- How do I notify your agency of an owner change?
- How can I find out the status of my boiler Certificate of Operation?
- How do I get my boiler inspected?
- I didn't have my Joint Review prepayment in on time to be scheduled for this month. If I send it in now can I be scheduled?
- What do I need to know about Type B Vent Piping and Power Boilers?
Services and Functions1. What are the key services and functions of the Boiler Safety program?
Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR) processes applications, administers examinations, commissions boiler inspectors, and issues certificates of operation. TDLR also commissions deputy boiler inspectors and authorized inspectors. Deputy boiler inspectors are employed by TDLR to perform certificate inspections and special inspections, and authorized inspectors are employed by private sector authorized inspection agencies to perform certificate inspections. TDLR issues certificates of operation ranging from one to three years for boilers throughout the state. Certificates of operation are issued to boilers found to be in safe condition for operation.
TDLR is the primary enforcement authority for complaints against the boiler industry. The most common complaints involve failure to get an inspection and failure to pay inspection fees. TDLR investigates and resolves complaints, conducts hearings, and may impose administrative penalties and sanctions if a violation has occurred. TDLR also coordinates the activities of the Board of Boiler Rules.
TDLR requires each boiler to be inspected internally (if applicable) and externally at the time of installation and at subsequent intervals. TDLR also reviews and maintains summary reports of the in-service inspections of nuclear boilers that are submitted by the owner or operator. TDLR performs reviews of boiler manufacture and repair facilities and owner/operators located in the state for accreditation by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, or TDLR. TDLR also performs boiler accident investigations.
TDLR offers a variety of methods to access information and services via the TDLR website, Facebook, Twitter, program brochures, Commission and Advisory Board meetings, external focus groups, press releases, a toll-free number, and an e-mail list server subscription.2. When and for what purpose was the program created?
The Boiler Safety program was created in 1937 and is codified in Chapter 755 of the Texas Health and Safety Code (the Code). The program was created to protect Texans through the safe operation and frequent inspection of boilers. The impetus for this regulation was the New London School explosion in 1937, which killed approximately 300 school children and teachers.
In 1958, the boiler regulations were changed to encompass low-pressure steam heating boilers installed in public and private schools, colleges, universities, or county courthouses. In 1969, regulations were changed to include provisions for special inspections. In 1972, regulations were changed to require that all boilers (except cast iron) must be registered with the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. In 1977, the Legislature adopted the sections of the ASME code relating to nuclear boilers, bringing them under the regulation of the Texas Boiler Law. In 1989, the Texas Boiler Law, Texas Civil Statutes, Article 5221c, was codified into the Health and Safety Code, Chapter 755.
Despite advances in technology, boilers are still being used to heat water and generate steam. Because these processes are inherently dangerous, regulation of the boiler industry will continue to be needed to ensure boilers are properly maintained and operated.3. Where are boilers used? How many boilers are in operation in Texas?
Boilers are used in commercial facilities, such as dry cleaners, car washes, and power plants. Additionally, boilers are found in schools, hospitals, and office buildings. The regulated population includes approximately 54,600 boilers and 240 inspectors.
The Compliance division oversees the boiler inspection process and provides program expertise.
The Licensing division handles the certification process, including issuing certificates of operation, administering examinations, and inspector commissions.
The Enforcement division investigates and resolves any complaints. Any alleged violations that are not resolved by the Enforcement division are referred to prosecutors within the Legal Services division to be resolved through the administrative hearing process.
In addition to the Chief Boiler Inspector and three Boiler Inspection Specialists, TDLR has fourteen Deputy Boiler Inspectors throughout the state whose primary responsibility is inspecting uninsured boilers. These inspectors are currently located in San Antonio, Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Lubbock, East Texas, Austin, and El Paso.
TDLR also relies on the expertise and advice of the Board of Boiler Rules for the administration of this program.5. How does the Boiler Safety program work with federal and local agencies?
The Boiler Safety program works with the Texas Education Agency to educate school superintendents about boiler safety and certification requirements. We also enlist the assistance of city fire marshals to shut down unsafe boilers and city building inspectors to report newly installed boilers.
The program has interagency agreements with the State Fire Marshal's Office and the Texas Department of Health for reporting unregistered or unsafe boilers. We also have contact with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Public Utilities Commission, the Texas Railroad Commission, the Board of Plumbing Examiners, the State Board of Insurance, and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Program Funding1. How is the Boiler Safety program funded?
Fees and administrative penalties provide the total funding for this program. There are no federal grants or pass-through monies. All revenue is deposited to and expenditures paid from the general revenue fund.
TDLR's enabling statute requires the Commission to set fees in amounts reasonable and necessary to cover the costs of administering the program. Current resources provide adequate funding for the program.
General FAQs1. How do I get my Certificate of Variance?
The Certificate of Variance is issued after TDLR receives the following:
- Inspection report;
- Repair requirements form from the Inspector with a recommendation;
- Variance request form explaining how equivalent safety can be maintained (including dimensions if applicable);
- Correction of all other violations;
- Payment of the certificate/inspection fee; and
- Chief Inspector's review and approval.
Inspection by authorized inspector:
- Certificate of operation fee - $70
Inspection by deputy inspector:
- Inspection fees for all boilers other than heating boilers - $140.
- Inspection fees for heating boilers:
- Boiler without a manhole - $110
- Boiler with a manhole--$140
- All fees must be paid in full before a certificate of operation will be issued.
- The fee for a special inspection is $1,200 and must be prepaid to TDLR. This prepayment must be received by the 23rd of the second month prior to the month in which the special inspection will be done if the special inspection is a joint review. For all other special inspections, the prepayment must be received at least five working days before the agency can initiate the requested special inspection. Prepayment must be made by certified check or money order made payable to the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation.
Texas Commission fees:
- Exam - $25
- Re-exam - $25
- New - $25
- Renewal - $10
- Reinstatement - $25
- Certificate only - $10
- Identifying commission card only - $10
- Expired for 1 to 90 days after the expiration date - $15.00
- Expired for 91 days to 18 months after the expiration date - $20.00
- Expired for more than 18 months but less than three years: submit a 'Request to Executive Director for Expired License Renewal' form with the renewal fee of $20.00.
Exam Administration Fee:
- The National Board exam fee is $25.
An inspector must maintain employment with either the state or an AIA with no interruptions exceeding one year and submit the appropriate fee. The inspector must be employed by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation as a boiler inspector or be employed by an authorized inspection agency. If the employment requirement is not met, a new application must be submitted and the applicant must pass the commission exam.
If the Texas Commission has been expired for more than three years, the applicant must complete the application process for a new inspector and pass the Texas Commission Exam.
Inspectors may be subject to enforcement actions, including administrative penalties and sanctions, for operating with an expired Texas Commission (expired less than 18 months) or operating without a Texas Commission (expired 18 months or more).
If the renewal application is postmarked prior to the expiration date, it is considered a timely renewal.
Yes. If you were a member of the state military forces or a reserve component of the armed forces of the United States, such as the National Guard, and you were ordered to active duty on or after September 1, 2004, you have additional time equal to the total number of years or parts of years that the you served on active duty. When you apply to renew your license you must provide documentation of the date your active duty began and the date it ended.
If you did not renew your license in a timely manner, you are exempt from paying a late renewal fee if you furnish TDLR with military documentation indicating you were on active duty during the time that your license expired. This documentation would show the date your active duty began and the date it ended.
Anyone employed as a boiler inspector by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation or by an authorized inspection agency.6. How long will it take for the Inspector to do a boiler inspection?
A boiler inspection can take from 30 minutes to 8 hours, depending upon the size of the boiler.7. How do I find information about specific boilers?
You can access the Boiler Database on the TDLR website and choose from numerous search options. You may also obtain this information by request using the Boiler email mailbox firstname.lastname@example.org. Please provide the name of the business and street address, and TDLR Boiler number, if available.
You can submit your change in writing or by using the Boiler email mailbox. Include the effective date of the change and the Texas boiler numbers affected.9. How can I find out the status of my boiler Certificate of Operation?
The agency staff can look this up for you. Please reference the Texas boiler number and submit your request by using the Boiler email mailbox.
If you have boiler and machinery insurance, you will need to call your insurance company for the required inspection. If not, agency staff can pass your request to the appropriate inspector. You can also refer to the list of field offices on our home page.
12. What do I need to know about Type B Vent Piping and Power Boilers?
- Type B vent piping is designed to withstand up to 450º F.
- A Power Boiler operating at 150 psi will have a stack temperature of approximately 450º to 460º F.
- Type B vent piping is not designed to be installed on Power Boilers unless specifically addressed by the boiler manufacturer.
- Texas Boiler Rule § 65.602, effective June 15, 2015, requires boilers to be installed in accordance with the manufacturers’ (both boiler and vent pipe) recommendations.
- The average cost to correct this type of violation, by replacing improperly installed Type B vent piping with vent piping that complies with both the boiler manufacturer’s and the vent pipe manufacturer’s recommendations, is $15,000.00.